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Indian Telegraph Centenary

 

Souvenir Sheet - Indian Telegraph Centenary

Date of Issue:

1st November, 1953

 

 

Denomination:

4a, 8a, 2.8r, 10r, 50r

 

 

Face Value:

Rs.63.25

 

 

Description:

On the occasion of Indian Telegraph Centenary Celebrations, the Post & Telegraphs Department issued a Souvenir Sheet showing five obsolete telegraph stamps along with two commemorative stamps. This Souvenir sheet is the first one of Independent India, issued by the Department. Four out of the five stamps were printed in issued colours and the fifth is the first Electric Telegraph stamp in black.

Regarding its price of one Rupee each, an interesting remark was given by late Jal Cooper in December 1953 issue of “India’s Stamp Journal”, which reads as follows:

“The sheet is more like an illustration plate distributed free by almost all well known stamp auction houses with their sales catalogues rather than a Souvenir Sheet (Sic)! And yet, the Indian Postal Administration has cared to perpetuate a daylight swindle on unwary collectors by charging one rupee for this coloured piece of paper!! Surely, this is not the proper way to fill in the depleted coffers of the Government of India, even though there is a great necessity to do so. Let us hope the collectors will be spread from such a hoax next year at the time of the Centenary of Indian stamps to be celebrated in October 1954”.

The souvenir Sheet and the two commemorative stamps depicts the figures “1851 - 1951”. If the Centenary of Telegraph was completed in 1951 why we had the celebration in 1953? Nothing is available in black and white. Therefore, we will scan the history and the denominations of issued postage stamps.

The first official Telegraph line was inaugurated on 1st November 1851. It connected Calcutta with Diamond Harbour, a distance of 48kms, along the shipping route in the Hooghly. Kedgeree and Mayapore were other two places which were also connected with this line. An interesting incident is recorded by Ilyas Patel & Dhananjay Desai in his book “Indian Telegraphs / 1851-1914”, which reads “Before the official inauguration took place on November 1, 1851, a deep depression took place in the Bay of Bengal on October 23 and the newly installed Telegraphic Line started communicating information immediately to Fort william. The severity of the storm and its forecast was so precisely communicated on this line and in such quick time that it not only outdated the semaphore signalling system but silenced all the critics of Electric Telegraph”. The success of the telegraph line persuaded E. I. Co., to construct telegraph lines in between important towns of India. The first work in between Calcutta and Agra started on 1st November 1853. Thus, we conclude that 1st November had an important role in Telegraph History of India.

The Commemorative Postage Stamps consist of two denomination. The first is 2 annas (inland letter mail) and the other one is 12 annas (purported to be Air Mail charges in between India and UK).But the air mail charges in between India & UK, changed on and from 1st April 1953, from 12 annas to 14 annas. That is why Everest stamps issued on 2nd October 1953, had 14 annas value, which represented the then current Air Mail rate in between India and UK. If these Telegraph Centenary Stamps were printed afterwards, it should be of 14 annas instead of 12 annas. It means that these Centenary Stamps were printed well in advance before 1st April 1953. It also appears that the Department must have forgotten to issue in 1951 and whenever they realized the mistake, they immediately printed the same and rightly inscribed the date 1851 - 1951 in the design. After printing of the stamps, the Department must have tried to finalize a particular date to issue the same. And 1st November was the only suitable date, as per historical reasons discussed above

As usual the stamps and the First Day Covers were available from all important post offices throughout India but special cancellation was available only from Philatelic Bureaux. Private F. D. Covers are also found used. Even obsolete Telegraph stamps were also found used on First Day Covers, along with postage stamps.

 

Courtesy: http://www.geocities.ws/indianphilately/chapter42.htm


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